Course Description

Substance abuse and addiction result from a complex interaction involving the mind-altering substance used and the individualized biopsychosocial response of the user. This CENAPS® Home Study Course presents a model that integrates over forty years of scientific research on addiction into a practical and easy to understand model that can improve assessment, recovery education, and treatment planning.

The biopsychosocial model establishes addiction as a brain disease that causes personality problems and social dysfunction. The Biopsychosocial Model allows us to make a clear and accurate distinction between substance use, abuse, and addiction. It also allows the progressive symptoms of addiction to be readily identified and organized into progressive stages. This information is presented in clear and easy to understand language that avoids technical jargon. As a result, it is ideal for use in recovery education with addicted people and their families.

Upon completing this CENAPS® Home Study Course, participants will have a solid understanding of; risk factors, the biopsychosocial symptoms of both substance abuse and addiction, and will be able to describe the progressive stages of addiction and the biopsychosocial symptoms in each stage.

Notice of Proprietary Information: This material is intended only for the personal use of the correspondence participant receiving it. If your agency would like more information on Terence T. Gorski or The CENAPS Model please contact: The CENAPS® Corporation at 352-596-8000, or E-Mail:

Gorski-Cenaps Founder

Terence Gorski

Terence T. Gorski is an internationally recognized expert on substance abuse, mental health, violence, & crime. He is best known for his contributions to relapse prevention, managing chemically dependent offenders, and developing community-based teams for managing the problems of alcohol, drugs, violence, and crime. He has extensive experience working with employee assistance programs (EAP) and has special expertise in working with emergency professionals including fire, medical, and law enforcement. He is a prolific author and has published numerous books and articles. He is also the founder of CENAPS®. Founded in 1982, CENAPS is a private training and consultation firm committed to providing the most advanced training in the chemical dependency and behavioral health fields.

Course curriculum

  • 1


    • Description, Objectives, Instructions

  • 2


    • Text Sections

    • The Importance of Self-Application

    • The Story of Al the Diabetic

  • 3

    Part 1: Mind-altering Drugs

    • Instant Gratification

    • Definition of Mind-altering Substances

    • Types of Mind-altering Substances

    • Biological Individuality

    • Why People Start Using Alcohol & Other Drugs

    • What Do People Want From Using Alcohol & Other Drugs

    • Responses of the Brain – Normal and Addictive

    • Important Points to Remember

  • 4

    Part 2: Addictive Risk Factors

    • High-risk People

    • Levels of Addictive Risk Factors

    • Addictive Risk Factors and the Cycle of Addiction

    • Biological Risk Factors

    • Psychological Risk Factors

    • Social Risk Factors

    • Important Points to Remember

  • 5

    Part 3: Alcohol & Other Drug Problems

    • Overview

    • Social & Recreational Use

    • Substance Abuse

    • Addiction Is A Biopsychosocial Disease

    • Addiction as a Brain Disease

    • Addictive Brain Responses

    • Neurotransmitter Imbalances

    • Substance-induced Brain Dysfunction

    • The Progression from Abuse to Addiction

    • The Stages of Addiction

    • Progressive Symptoms of Addiction

  • 6

    Terry’s Final Word

    • Conclusion

    • CEU Completion Test

    • Course Evaluation and Feedback